Research

The modern pursuit of scientific evidence that grounding impacts human physiology and health began with Drs. Karol and Pawel Sokal in Poland and Clint Ober in the United States in the 1990s.

The research that has followed has produced fascinating evidence of a powerful and positive shift in the electrical state of the body and the electrodynamics of blood, and a boost to self-healing and self-regulating mechanisms.

We believe that Earthing allows a transfer of electrons from the ground into the body. We know that inflammation is caused by free radicals and that free radicals are neutralized by electrons from any source. Electrons are the source of the neutralizing power of antioxidants.

In the Earthing studies, as well as global feedback from thousands of individuals who have grounded themselves, we have consistent evidence of people whose pain has been reduced. Such reduction of pain is evidence (but not proof) that inflammation is reduced. However, the studies point clearly in that direction.

The titles of the studies conducted to date are listed below.  Click on the titles to read the studies.

Earthing studies

  1. The Effects of Grounding on Meditation Quality: A Preliminary Study Report 2019
  2. Effectiveness of Grounded Sleeping on Recovery after Intensive Eccentric Muscle Loading 2019
  3. The Effects of Grounding (Earthing) on Bodyworkers’ Pain and Overall Quality of Life: A randomized Controlled Trial 2019
  4. Grounding Patients With Hypertension Improves Blood Pressure: A Case History Series Study 2018
  5. Effects of Grounding (Earthing) on Massage Therapists 2018
  6. Electrical Grounding Improves Vagal Tone in Preterm Infants 2017     View study charts here
  7. Effects of Grounding on Body Voltage and Current in the Presence of Electromagnetic Fields 2016
  8. Grounding After Moderate Eccentric Contractions Reduces Muscle Damage 2015
  9. One-Hour Contact with the Earth’s Surface (Grounding) Improves Inflammation and Blood Flow—A Randomized, Double-Blind, Pilot Study 2015
  10. The Effect of Grounding the Human Body on Mood 2015
  11. Grounding the Human Body during Yoga Exercise with a Grounded Yoga Mat Reduces Blood Viscosity 2015
  12. Grounding the Human Body Improves Facial Blood Flow Regulation 2014
  13. Differences in Blood Urea and Creatinine Concentrations in Earthed and Unearthed Subjects during Cycling Exercise and Recovery 2013
  14. Earthing (Grounding) the Human Body Reduces Blood Viscosity—a Major Factor in Cardiovascular Disease 2013 Additionally, to view the Blood Viscosity Video Clip click here
  15. Earthing the Human Organism Influences Bioelectrical Processes 2012
  16. Emotional Stress, Heart Rate Variability, Grounding, and Improved Autonomic Tone: Clinical Applications 2011 
  17. Earthing the Human Body Influences Physiologic Processes 2011.   Editorial: Chronic Disease: Are We Missing Something?
  18. Pilot Study on the Effect of Grounding on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness 2010
  19. Changes in Pulse Rate, Respiratory Rate, Blood Oxygenation, Perfusion Index, Skin Conductance, and Their Variability Induced During and After Grounding Human Subjects for 40 Minutes 2010
  20. The Effect Of Earthing On Human Physiology, Part 2 2007
  21. The Effect Of Earthing On Human Physiology, Part 1 2006
  22. The Effectiveness of a Conductive Patch and a Conductive Bed Pad in Reducing Induced Human Body Voltage Via the Application of Earth Ground 2005
  23. The Biologic Effects of Grounding the Human Body During Sleep as Measured by Cortisol Levels and Subjective Reporting of Sleep, Pain, and Stress 2004
  24. Thermography Case Histories 2004-2005
  25. Initial Grounding Experimentation, 2000

Earthing review articles

  1. Integrative and Lifestyle Medicine Strategies Should Include Earthing (Grounding): Review of Research Evidence and Clinical Observations 2019
  2. Electric Nutrition: The Surprising Health and Healing Benefits of Biological Grounding (Earthing) 2017
  3. The Effects of Grounding (Earthing) on Inflammation, Immune Response, Wound Healing, and Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory and Autoimmune Diseases 2015
  4. Biophysics of Earthing (grounding) the Human Body, in Bioelectromagnetic and Subtle Energy Medicine (CRC Press), 2015
  5. Health Implications of Reconnecting the Human Body to the Earth’s Surface Electrons 2012
  6. The Neuromodulative Role of Earthing 2011

Earthing commentaries

  1. Rx Earth – The Original Painkiller! James Oschman, Ph.D., Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D., Stephen T. Sinatra, M.D.
  2. Understanding Earthing (Grounding) James Oschman, Ph.D., Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  3. The Earth’s Electrical Surface Potential: A Summary of Present Understanding: Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  4. Can Electrons Act as Antioxidants? A Review and Commentary: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  5. Charge Transfer in the Living Matrix: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  6. Perspective: Assume a Spherical Cow: The role of Free or Mobile Electrons in Bodywork, Energetic and Movement Therapies: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  7. Fatigued? Let Grounding Recharge Your Battery
  8. Earthing vs. “Good” and “Bad” Free Radicals: James Oschman, Ph.D.
  9. Earthing Speeds Sports/Training Recovery, Lessens Muscle Damage and Inflammation
  10. Earthing, Inflammation, and Aging – Something to Think About: Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  11. Matteo Tavera: A French Naturalist’s Vision of the Importance of “Natural Electricity” to Life
  12. Earthing Poster 2018 Congress on Integrative Medicine

Misinformation about Earthing

  1. Beware of Earthing Misinformation, Gaétan Chevalier, Ph.D.
  2. Earthing and Ground Currents
  3. Grounding Does Not Turn You Into an Antenna for EMFs

Earthing Institute instructional papers

  1. How to Measure the Effect of Earthing on Body Voltage
  2. Studies Confirm Indoor Grounding Safety and Reduced Exposure to AC Voltage EMFs
  3. Earthing Plant Experiment for School